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Shin Splints

Among running and impact sport participants, shin splints are a very common complaint. The term ‘shin splints’ is an umbrella term to describe shin pain along the inside or front edges of the shin and are the most common cause of shin pain. 

 

What causes shin splints?

The most common cause is overload or overtraining. Typically, this can happen in a few ways:

  1. An increase in training volume. This can be the number of km’s run in a day, week, month or more. You might have ran an extra session, added an extra bit of distance to your usual schedule, all of which increases the total volume exposed to your legs contributing to the ‘overload’ that kick starts your symptoms. 
  2. Addition of incline or hill work to your running routine. Hill work, or running inclines and declines puts increased demands on our body above that of just flat road running. Sometimes, if done in amounts that is more than your body can cope with, your body will be pushed above limits than it’s physically able to withstand.
  3. Incorporated faster or quicker paced running or impact work into your routine than what is normal for you. 
Other factors: 
  • Decreased flexibility at your ankle joint 
  • Poor running technique (slow cadence, high ‘bounce’, over-striding)
  • Poor hip and knee control/stability
  • Weakness throughout the lower limb 
  • Tight calf muscles, hamstrings
  • Quick transitions between supportive footwear to minimalist footwear that doesn’t give the body time to adjust 

 

How can Physio help my shin pain?

 

  1.  Firstly, an expert Physiotherapist can help you get on top of your pain and provide you with the reasons it’s occurred and the modifications and alterations you can make to allow it to resolve. Rest usually helps but then symptoms return on return to activity. There’s bigger things at play that need to be addressed for long term relief and to ensure you rid yourself of shin pain for good!  Secondly, ensuring there’s nothing more sinister going on that can lead to extended time on the side lines (think stress fractures), or might need a period of non-weight bearing to resolve (the dreaded moon-boot).

There’s bigger things at play that need to be addressed for long term relief and to ensure you rid yourself of shin pain for good!

 2. A Physio can provide you with the tools necessary to get you strong in the right areas. The stronger you can get the muscles in your leg, the more force they can withstand and the less likely you are to develop overload issues such as shin splints. Muscles absorb a huge amount of force during running, so it makes sense to strengthen them to allow them to cope better and to take the force off your bones. 

3. Providing you with advice in regards to managing your running load. This doesn’t necessarily mean stop running all together. Outside of a stress fracture, bone stress (the start of a stress fracture), or symptoms that come on as soon as you run, it might be that you run on non-consecutive days, or for distances that don’t invoke your shin pain. Sometimes it means a period of cross-training (bike, rower, cross-trainer, swimming) that allow you to maintain your cardio-vascular endurance but don’t continue to put stress through your shin region. 

4. Get introspective and reflect!  Did you go for a run that was significantly further, quicker, or over more hilly terrain that what you’re used to? Have you made a pretty drastic change in your training volume over the last few weeks? If so, make a note and progress a little slower next time to allow your body to adapt. 

Any questions about what we can do to help you get on top of your shin pain for good ? Shoot us an email or call the clinic on 8490 0777. Alternatively, if you want to kick start your journey to your physical best today book online here.

 

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➕Top 3 exercises for shin splints➕ ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ 😪This time of year we see a huge spike in the amount of people complaining of shin pain 😩 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ What can you do about it? ☝🏻Hit the link in our bio to check out our blog post on shin pain to make sure you’re addressing all the factors you need to. ✌🏻 Get cracking on these exercises! Resistance training stimulates bone growth to give you strong shin bones able to withstand the activities you love to do! 1. Bent leg wall squat holds. Aim for 3 rounds of between 30-90 seconds. 2. Standing calf raises. Load them up and focus on your pelvis moving straight up and down. 3 x 10 3. Crab walks with band around your feet. Not only works your glutes hard, but asks your ankle stabilizers to work at the same time! 🖖🏻 Get in touch! ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ 👀Shin pain can easily develop into stress fractures if not managed properly, leading to increased rest periods and time away from impact activity. Make sure you’re managing it correctly to get pain free in the shortest time frame possible! 🌈 ⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ 💥 Tag someone with shin pain

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